Gender Equality and Development Evaluation Units:Lessons from Evaluations of Development Support of Selected Multilateral and Bilateral Agencies
This report presents the findings of an examination of recent evaluative work on gender equality undertaken by select multilateral and bilateral organizations. It is the first effort to draw out lessons for evaluators on designing and implementing these types of evaluations.
Barriers to Energy Efficiency: New Evidence from Independent Evaluation
Energy efficiency is recognized as one of the main lines of action necessary
to stabilize the concentration of greenhouse gases (GHGs) in the atmosphere
and thus to limit climate change. In principle, energy efficiency is highly
cost-effective and easily deployed through existing technologies. Yet
actual investments in energy efficiency fall short of what is required.
This note summarizes available evidence on barriers to energy efficiency
and the interventions to surmount them from evaluations of the World Bank
Group, Asian Development Bank, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development
and the Global Environment Facility (GEF).
Evaluation Findings on Urban and Rural Water Supply and Sanitation
This publication evolved from a workshop that focused on urban and rural water supply and sanitation. The workshop served to share ideas and bring together various perspectives from inside and outside ECG. The findings presented are from three speakers at the workshop. It also includes a paper prepared by the World Bank Independent Evaluation Group that outlines issues evaluators are likely to confront in water supply and sanitation, as well as findings from recent water evaluations.
Evaluative Lessons for Agriculture and Agribusiness
This paper synthesizes recent work by the independent evaluation agencies of the ECG and incorporates lessons from related research by multilateral development banks and from the academic literature on agriculture and agribusiness. Evaluative findings indicate that increasing productivity--through attention to research and extension, access to water, access to credit, land issues, transport, policy, markets, and institutional development--is vital for improving agricultural performance. Functional monitoring and evaluation systems, lacking in most settings, are needed to help ensure project performance and to draw lessons from experience.
Making Microfinance Work: Evidence from Evaluations
Multinational development banks (MDBs) have played an important role in the evolution of the industry, initially seeing it as an important instrument for poverty targeting and more specifically for targeting at poor female borrowers, and more recently as a means of expanding the access of poor households and microenterprises to a range of financial services.
This ECG metaevaluation reviews MDB evaluation findings and related recent research work on microfinance. It finds that successful microfinance operations require (i) financial sustainability
on the part of the participating microfinance institutions, (ii) high-standard consultancy and
technical assistance, (iii) sound regulation and monitoring, and (iv) flexibility in product design.
However, to reach the very poor requires careful design and a means of preparing them for full
participation. The paper recommends that MDBs use microfinance development programs for
reaching the very poor through graduation programs, including basic immediate help, training,
and integrating them into microfinance programs.
Biodiversity in a Sustainable Future: Lessons from Evaluations
This brief note aims to inform the discussions on how to ensure biological
diversity, given its vital role in providing us with a safe and enriching
environment, in which poverty and disease can be reduced. The ECG, together
with the evaluation offices of the Global Environment Facility (GEF), UNDP
and FAO, has drawn lessons from independent evaluations on what may be done
to improve the efforts of the global community, and first and foremost the
efforts of the International Financial Institutions and the United Nations.
COMPAS, the Common Performance Assessment System, was designed in 2005
as a framework through which the multilateral development banks (MDBs)
could track their capacities to manage for development results. The COMPAS
evaluation was commissioned by the evaluation units of the five MDBs who
are members of the ECG. The evaluation reviews whether the objectives
set by the MDBs for the COMPAS are being met and provides concrete and
evidence-based recommendations on the future of COMPAS and its shape and
Review of IFAD's Office of Evaluation and Evaluation Function
This first peer review that followed ECG's guidelines has been completed
on schedule and has been well received. The IFAD Executive Board discussed
the peer review of its evaluation system on 21 April 2010.
Nexus Between Infrastructure and Environment
Well-designed infrastructure can have positive impacts on the environment,
which also is crucial for development. However infrastructural investments
often lead to environmental degradation. The ECG recognizes the importance
of this linkage, which we call the infrastructure-environment nexus. It
represents a large and growing challenge for the countries and the international
financial institutions in their development goals. The ECG commissioned
this initial review of members' experiences to learn what can be done
both to minimize the detrimental impacts of infrastructure on the environment
and to enhance infrastructure's positive contribution to the environment
beyond the role of existing safeguards.